YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED: What is the 蒙特梭利 approach to reading?Similar to 施泰纳?

"At one year of age the child says his first intentional word…his babbling has a purpose, 和 this intention is a proof of conscious intelligence…He becomes ever more aware that 语言 refers to his surroundings, 和 his wish to master it consciously becomes also greater….Subconsciously 和 unaided, he strains himself to learn, 和 this effort makes his success all the more astonishing." (The Absorbent Mind, p. 111)

While many approaches to 教育 do recognise the importance of a 语言-enriched environment 和 of exampling diverse vocabulary for the young child, 蒙特梭利 differs greatly in a few ways.  The 蒙特梭利 method takes great advantage of the observed ease of learning that a child under the age of 6 has for acquiring 语言. While the child is engaged in seemingly spontaneous games 和 activities, the curriculum is actually quite formal 和 structured in its approach to ensure the child develops the right tools for each stage of 语言 acquisition.

One particular point of difference is that the hand is prepared for writing from an early age (anywhere from 2.5 – 3.5 years) 和 is mechanically ready to produce the sounds for constructing a story when the joy to do so arrives! Writing or composition (initially constructing with wooden letters) actually occurs before reading in the 蒙特梭利 curriculum. This process follows the natural development of the child, but also supports the child’s attachment 和 drive to communicate, in so much as their first experiences are of their own storytelling, rather than the reiteration of somebody else's tale!

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  • 丽贝卡·格鲁甘(Rebecca Grugan)
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